God made a covenant with Israel at Mount Sinai, but they couldn’t keep it. God knew they would not be able to obey and honor Him. No one can do this in our initial sinful condition. But God had a new covenant in mind from before time began. This new covenant would bring Him into our very hearts and minds. And the One who would initiate this new covenant was Jesus Christ. As we consider Jesus’ birth, we see Emmanuel, “God with us”, so clearly in this new covenant. Jesus’ death and resurrection ushered in the age of grace, when His Holy Spirit would indwell every true believer.